Interior of Kaymaklı Underground City, showcasing narrow passageways and carved stone rooms

Kaymakli Underground City

  • KaymaklıNevşehir Merkez/Nevşehir, Turkey

Kaymakli Underground City, located in Central Anatolia, Turkey, is an extraordinary example of ancient ingenuity. Carved from the soft volcanic rock of the Cappadocia region, this underground labyrinth dates back to the Hittites in the 8th-7th centuries B.C. It expanded over time, particularly during the Byzantine era, serving as a refuge against invasions. The city comprises multiple levels, with each floor dedicated to a specific purpose, such as living spaces, storage, and worship. The intricate tunnel systems, ventilation shafts, and ingenious security features highlight the advanced engineering of the era. Visitors can explore the first few levels, experiencing the narrow corridors, communal rooms, and historical artifacts, offering a glimpse into the life of early Christians who sought safety here. The city’s unique geological and historical aspects make it a must-visit for those intrigued by ancient civilizations and architectural marvels.