Scenic view of ancient Pergamon ruins in Turkey, highlighting historical architecture.


  • Bergama, İzmir Province, Turkey

The magnificent hilltop city of Pergamon dates back to the 5th century BC and was once a hotbed for learning, culture, and invention, flourishing until the 14th century. Remnants of the city’s most important structures remain, such as the Acropolis, the Red Basilica, aqueducts, a major medical center, an audaciously steep amphitheater, and a historically important library.